Внимание! Вы просматриваете страницу из архива сайта Русский Лондон.
Эта страница не обновляется и возможно содержит устаревшие сведения и ссылки.
Настоятельно рекомендуем вам воспользоваться актуальной версией сайта russianlondon.com

Latvia / Latvia / Russian London
UK MEDIA RUSSIAN SUPPORT SERVICES. Advertising. Consultancy. Events. Photo. Russian Media. Information. Research. Translation. Personnel.
RussianLondon Ltd
English version Russian version
List of countries / Latvia





Armenia
Azerbaijan
Belarus
Georgia
Estonia
Kazakhstan
Latvia
Lithuania
Moldova
Russia
Ukraine
Uzbekistan




Latvia
Latvia
 


Latvia

Country profile: Latvia

Situated in northeastern Europe with a coastline along the Baltic Sea, Latvia is geographically the middle of the three former Soviet Baltic republics. It has language links with Lithuania to the south and historical and ecumenical ties with Estonia to the north.

Not much more than a decade after it declared independence following the collapse of the USSR, Latvia was welcomed as a Nato member in late March 2004.

OVERVIEW
The move came just weeks before a second historic shift for the country in establishing its place in the Western family of nations. It is one of 10 countries set to join the EU in May 2004. These developments would have been extremely hard to imagine in not-so-distant Soviet times.

For centuries Latvia was primarily an agricultural country, with seafaring, fishing and forestry as other important factors in its economy.

Latvia was under foreign dominion from the 13th until the 20th century. After the first world war it declared independence which Russia recognized in 1920.

Two decades later, following a pact between Stalin and Hitler, Soviet troops invaded in 1940 and Latvia was absorbed into the Soviet Union. Nazi forces pushed the Soviets back in 1941 but the Red Army returned in 1944 and remained for half a century.

During the Soviet period which ended in 1991 Latvia underwent heavy industrialisation, and experienced a big influx of immigrants from other parts of the USSR, mainly Russia.

Around a third of the population is Russian-speaking and the rights of this section of society have been a thorny issue since independence. Many ethnic Russians have taken the tests necessary to obtain citizenshp. Many others have not and are without citizenship.

Like its Baltic neighbours, in the 10 years since independence Latvia has made a rapid transformation to embrace the free market. Tough measures have been taken to boost growth while keeping inflation under control.

FACTS

  • Population: 2.3 million (UN, 2003)
  • Capital: Riga
  • Major languages: Latvian, Russian
  • Major religion: Christianity
  • Life expectancy: 66 years (men), 76 years (women) (UN)
  • Monetary unit: 1 lats = 100 santims
  • Main exports: Timber and wood products, fish and fish products
  • GNI per capita: US $3,480 (World Bank, 2002)
  • Internet domain: .lv
  • International dialling code: + 371
  • MEDIA

    Latvia's TV market is dominated by the commercial channel LNT, two channels operated by the national public TV broadcaster, commercial channel TV3 Latvia and the main Russian channels.

    Dozens of television stations sprang up soon after the country's independence, but their number fell dramatically after the introduction of the 1995 Broadcasting Law.

    Public broadcasting is financed by state subsidies and commercial revenues, mainly from advertising.

    The press and the broadcast media in Latvia generally operate freely, with few legal restrictions on their work. A law provides prison terms for libel and incitement of racial hatred. A wide range of political viewpoints are represented by some 140 newspapers.

    The press

  • Diena - daily
  • Neatkariga Rita Avize (NRA) - broadsheet, in Latvian
  • Dienas Bizness - business tabloid in Latvian, affiliated to Diena
  • Telegraf - main Russian-language daily
  • Latvijas Avize - tabloid, daily
  • Chas - Russian-language daily
  • Biznes & Baltiya - business broadsheet in Russian
  • Vesti Segodnya - Russian-language daily
  • Vakara Avize Vakara Zinas - evening tabloid, in Latvian

    Television

  • Latvian Television (LTV) - public, operates two networks
  • Latvian Independent Television (LNT) - main terrestrial commercial channel
  • TV3 Latvia - commercial
  • TV5 - commercial

    Radio

  • Latvian Radio - public, operates four national networks
  • Radio SWH - commercial
  • Easy FM - commercial
  • Radio NABA - public/university station
  • Radio Skonto - commercial

    News agencies

  • LETA
  • BNS (Baltic News Service)



  • 595987/97

    read

    593358/6

    read

    364274/0

    read

    82097/4

    read

    81496/0

    read


    copyright



    Copyright © 1997-2009
    Russian London Ltd
    http://www.russianlondon.com
    All rights reserved.

    Russian London Ltd
    124 New Bond Street
    London, W1S 1DX
    Tel: 0207 629 7707
    Fax: 0207 629 7177
    office@russianlondon.com
    http://www.russianlondon.com
    Map

    Advertising

    Services

    Contact


    Terms and Conditions

    sections


    Armenia
    Azerbaijan
    Belarus
    Georgia
    Estonia
    Kazakhstan
    Latvia
    Lithuania
    Moldova
    Russia
    Ukraine
    Uzbekistan